4. Showing what NON-IMPACT evaluation you can do to optimize your program or organization

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Academic references to outcomes theory: Duignan (2009d; 2008d)*


Organizations in both the private and public sectors are being encouraged to be lean.

Building-block four is all helping organizations be leand - optimizing resources to get the biggest possible 'bang for buck'.

This type of evaluation is usually much more feasible and affordable than impact evaluation (building-block five).

Evaluation work is any activity reflecting on, and improving, what you're doing.

Non-impact implementation evaluation focuses on improving and creating a more agile organization or program, able to adapt to changing circumstances, and apply new information about 'what works'.

Doing impact evaluation on a badly implemented program is usually a waste of time - you should spend the money on this building-block instead.

Below are three types of evaluation which include a large component of non-impact evaluation.

Using planning rather than evaluation language, this work could be described as using 'agile' planning based on independent feedback on progress.


Types of evaluation that usually include a large non-impact implementation evaluation aspect


Formative evaluation

Evaluation work directed at making sure that the program or organization is 'well formed' (i.e. that its implementation is going according to plan).

Developmental evaluation

Very eary scoping of what people think needs to be done, how it could be done and whether it, or something else, should be done.

Process evaluation

Describing the process of what's happening in the program or organization to help intepret any impact-evaluation (building-block five) results and to help others replicate it in the future throught best-practice sharing.


Where evaluation resources should be allowed to be spent


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* These particular references can be cited to refer to the material on this page.